The Red-flanked Duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus) is a small antelope species occurring in a belt from Senegal through the Sahel countries up to Uganda. In this region, it inhabits forest relicts and riverine thickets within savannahs. The animals are territorial and usually seen alone or in pairs. Mostly active in the morning and late afternoon, the antelopes feed on fruits, flowers, seeds, and leaves. So far, the species is not threatened by extinction, although it is hunted for its meat and affected by habitat loss. I have observed these shy antelopes in the Pendjari National Park in northern Benin during a journey in February 2012.