The Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) is a large wader occurring in South and Southeast Asia (from Pakistan throughout the Indian subcontinent to Thailand, China, and occasionally even Japan or the Philippines). The birds live in marshy wetlands and feed mostly on fish, amphibians, crustaceans, and insects. In appearance, they closely resemble the African Sacred Ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) and the Australian White Ibis (Threskiornis moluccus). While they are still relatively common today, the populations are decreasing rapidly in some parts of their range due to egg collecting, hunting, pollution, and conversion of wetlands to agricultural land. I have seen these elegant birds during two journeys through India. My first encounter was in the Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan (January 2010) and more recently I spotted a single individual in the Hamirsar Tank of Bhuj in Kachchh (January 2015).